Monday, March 25, 2019

Mexico 1868 Hidalgo : 03b 12 cents

More variations on the 12 cent Hidalgo in this post.

Variety 12 IV
12 CENT variation IV
The fourth variation of this type has 2 remarkable items, both to be found near the 12.

First mark is the dot under the C of CENT.
drop hanging on the line under C of CENT
A second mark, can be found between 12 and CENT.  Here there is a second (smaller) dot.
two dots after the 12
Variety 12 V

The 'oddity' is to be found in the right top corner, in the decoration under the rosetta.
It's not easy to find a good example of this fifth type. In most cases, the district number is near this spot. Especially with a two digit district number, it becomce difficult. On top of that, often a regular cancel hides the variation too.

12 Cent - variety 5
Under the rosetta is a decoration in the shape of the tip of a fountain pen, seen from the side.
Left of it, towards the central picture of the stamp, is a second line, parallel to the decoration,
and left of that, is a frame line of the complete ornament.
These 3 lines are supposed to be parallel to each ohter, in this type however, it's not.
detail 12 Cent - Variety 5
closer detail of the 12 Cent - Variation 5
This second pic shows it clearer. The middle stroke of those 3, seems connected to the left one at the bottom. Through the most right stroke, an additional curve appears.
It looks like the middle stroke is not a line, but a stylish "q"

Variety 12 VI

The sixth variation can be recognised by looking to the X in Mexico and the bottom stroke of the 1 in 12 is lifted up.
variation VI - two characteristics
The stroke going from left above, to right under is thicker than the other stroke.
detail variation VI - 12 Cent
The second characteristic, is the horizontal line under the 1 of 12.
It is pointing upwards in stead of being a flat line.
uplifted 'serif' at the bottom of the 1 in 12
Overview variations IV to VI

VI (orange) - V - (light blue) and VI (light green)

to be continued...

Sunday, March 24, 2019

Mexico 1868 Hidalgo : 03a 12 cents

The second stamp in the (dotted) Hidalgo stamp of 1868, is the 12 cent.
12 CENT Hidalgo 1868 - basic
It' s worth having a closer look at this stamp too, as there are several variations that are easy to find.

Variety 12 I

The first variation can be recognised by the lines on top of the M of Mexico.
Hidalgo 12 Cent 1868 - variation I
Detail of variation I - 12 Cent Hidalgo 1868
The double line on top of the word MEXICO is incomplete. The part above the M is partly missing.

Variety 12 II

A second variation shows a broken/bended line left below, the 12 of the value.
Hidalgo 12 Cent 1868 - variation II
Detail of variation II - 12 Cent Hidalgo 1868
The botom line is broken, and seen from left, it looks as if the 'bridge is open'.

Variety 12 III

The third variation, has 3 characteristic items. Handy, when the stamp is badly cancelled, single variations are often hidden.

Two variations can be found on top of the stamp. The M and the C of Mexico have variations.
Hidalgo 12 Cent 1868 - variation III a
The right stroke of the M in Mexico is incomplete/open.
The top curve of the C in Mexico ends in a drop, where it normally should end in a diagonal line.
Hidalgo 12 Cent 1868 - variation III b
Also at the bottom of the stamp, there is an error.
The stamps in this set are 'dotted', this means, threre's a dot behind the value.
Hidalgo 12 Cent 1868 - variation III c
In this 3rd variation, the dot behind the 12 is splitted. ( ) in stead of ().

Overview variation I to III

Variation I (purple), II (yellow) and III (pink).
More variations on this stamp, in my next post(s)...

Saturday, March 23, 2019

Chinese Food Coupons : National Food Ration Coupons 1 a

National Food Ration Coupons are coupons that circulated throughout the country and therefore could be exchanged in all parts of China.
They are among the oldest coupons and were used for the first time in 1955.
Coupons having the above header, are National Food Ration coupons.
They have 2 similar inscriptions as another type of coupons, that I will show in a later post.

Coupons of this type could circulate throughout the country for purchasing food in all parts of China.
1965 National coupons
1966 National coupons
There were numerous numbers of coupons issued, and each type has several pieces in a set.
As mentionned in previous posts, the highest and lowest value of each set are often the most rare and expensive ones. All coupons in between, are relatively cheap.

The coupons in my collection are - so far :
1965 : 半  市斤  : Bàn shi jin : half a shi jin : 250g rice/grains
1965 : 壹  市斤  : Yi shi jin : one shi jin : 500g rice/grains

1966 :   市斤  : Bàn shi jin : half a shi jin : 250g rice/grains
1966 :   市斤  : San shi jin : 3 shi jin : 1,5 kg rice/grains
1966 : 市斤 : Wu shi jin : 5 shi jin : 2,5 kg rice/grains

Anyone with some basic knowledge on chinese numbers will say that 3 (san) is written as : 三,and not as 叁.
That's correct, but when it comes to comptability, banknotes, or other kinds of financial dealings, a whole other set of characters is used.
This is to prevent fraude : imagine an transaction for 30 Yuan, written the 'simple' way :

三十 (30),  but by adding 3 strokes it becomes : 五千 (5000).

The 1966 set consists of 4 values (half, one, three and five JIN) but there are 7 notes issued.
The 3 Jin has been issued on paper with 2 different watermarks, the 5 Jin has been issued on 3 different watermarks.
5 (shi)JIN - watermark stars
The note in the picture has stars as watermark (see purple indications).
This type of coupon also exists with 1982 as date.

Friday, March 22, 2019

Chinese Food Coupons : Intro 0 c

There are diffent ways to collect Chinese Food Coupons.

* By year of issue
* By state or province
* By type (rice or grain, cloths, oil, other objects, ....)
* By weight, unit, amount, ...

On each coupon, normally we can easily find this info.
I wrote about the dates already, and the cities or provinces will be explained in future posts.

Similar coupons, can be sorted out by city or province, or issuing administration.
Food coupons - city or province is marked
Central on each coupon, we find the number of kilograms, grams, units ... of each value.
Most of these units return on each coupon, therefore some examples :

Food coupons - amount and unit is marked
When there are 3 characters, the first one indicates often the amount, the last two indicate the unit.

A "shi-liang" equals 50 gram of cerials.
Coupons of 2 市两 , represent 100 gram of grains/cerials
shi liang
A "shi-jin" equals half a kilogram of cerials.
Coupons of 1 市斤, represent 500 gram of grains/cerials
shi jin
When there's a number in arabic numbers and one character, the last (only) character indicates the unit. Sometimes the unit is so obvious, that the preceding characters only can indicate a number.
In Chinese counting, 500 is written as 5 100 (2 characters) - 5000 is writte as 5 1000 (two characters),
2500 is written as 2 1000 5 100 (four characters).

This goes for 'gram' or 'ké' - often the unit is preceded by arabic numbers - sometimes with multiple chinese characters.
ké - gram
Coupons of 500  , represent half a kilogram.

Another common unit is "sheng", or liter.
In the old days (pre 1915) a 'sheng was slightly more then one liter. But due to standardisation, it became 1 liter in 1930.
wu (5) sheng (liter)
Coupons of 5  , represent 5 liters of fuel.

() 升 1 liter - 2.113 US pint - 1.760 UK pint

to be continued ...